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Herbal medicines are flooding the health and wellness industry and are used as food supplements in various forms. Medicinal mushroom is one of them. These Cordyceps fungi are a superfood loaded with vitamins, proteins, and low-calorie fibre and are an excellent antioxidant that promotes immunity, boost stamina, enhances athletic performances, regulates blood sugar, and fights many diseases. Due to the superb qualities of these medicinal mushrooms, they are consumed in various ways; the extract from cordyceps is made into capsules or in the form of a nutritional powder that is taken as food supplements.
Cordyceps belong to the group fungus which has more than 600 species. They have a worldwide distribution but are abundantly found in humid temperate and tropical forests. Among the diverse and abundant variety, Cordyceps Militaris and Cordyceps Sinensis are the most popular medicinal variety.
Beneficial effects of C. Sinensis and C. Militaris
Both of these popular species of Cordyceps have medicinal value. Since ancient times, these are used to cure many ailments. These varieties of Cordyceps contain important chemical compounds such as Cordycepin, Adenosine, and Beta-glucans including several essential amino acids. These compounds are the active pharmaceutical ingredients that are used in medicines to treat ailments of renal, hepatic, pulmonary and are also used in anti-cancer medicines.
Both the varieties of Cordyceps are equally nutritious and have several health benefits but they are preferred differently as food supplements. Let’s see how the two varieties differ.
Differences between Cordyceps Sinensis and Cordyceps Militaris
Cordyceps Sinensis or caterpillar fungus is an entomopathogenic fungus parasitizing larva of a moth. The fungus is commonly found in the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayan regions of Nepal and Bhutan.This has been used in the making of ancient medicines in China and Tibet. The intact body of fungus and caterpillar is highly valued by herbalists as medicine.
The entomopathogenic, 1-8 cm high, orange or red fungus parasitizing pupae is Cordyceps Militaris. These are quite common and are spread throughout the northern hemisphere. The fungus is cultivated in different media ─ silkworm pupae, rice, and liquid nutrition. It is cooked and eaten in many places in India while it has been used in traditional Chinese medicine since ancient times.
C. Sinensis is more popular and expensive of the two varieties but it’s the rarer. It’s mostly collected from its wild habitat as it is difficult to grow the stroma or the fruit body of this species in the laboratory artificially. Moreover, the population of this species is gradually decreasing due to its over-collection. All these make C. Sinensis expensive. Due to the rarity and higher prices of the wild variety, many counterfeit and cultured products are available in the market. This makes it necessary to look for the authentication and quality of the product made from C. Sinensis.
C. Militaris has the same benefits as that of C. Sinensis. It has all the nutritional elements and compounds that make it fit for the health and wellness industry. Moreover, it is easily cultivated commercially in an artificial medium. Thus, it is now found in abundance and the powder or the capsules manufactured are highly pure.
Cordyceps Militaris is easy to cultivate in the artificial medium therefore, the researchers are concentrating their research more on C. Militaris. Many health and wellness industries are striving to utilize the benefits of this superfood in a better way. Mumbai Mushroom, a trusted brand of Fresh Joy Agro of Mumbai cultivates the superior grade of Cordyceps Militaris and manufactures capsules that can be taken safely without any side effects.
Both the varieties of Cordyceps have comparable bioactive components but Cordyceps Militaris is being more researched and cultivated to obtain the best quality fungus. Thus, it is currently the best option with equal or even better effects at a lower price. To obtain the premium quality of Cordyceps Militaris, you can avail service of Mumbai Mushroom that manufactures outstanding products from the best strain.